Implant supported restoration is a common method used to restore lost teeth. This method is currently considered the best suitable solution for people who lose their teeth and need to use replacements.
In this article from Smart dental care various types of dental implant restoration methods will be discussed. Each of these methods may be used depending on the patient’s condition, the dentist’s decision and other reasons. The important thing is that each of these methods should be chosen in specific circumstances.
In order to choose one of these methods, the patient should consult with the dentist before proceeding with the implant placement procedure to obtain the best result and the best quality and the longest lifetime. It should be mentioned that in each of the methods that are going to be explained below, the placement process of the crown and the base may be different, which is related to factors such as jawbone support, the possibility of infection in the area of the base placement, and the type of crown to be installed.
Implant supported restorations are considered quick ways to eliminate the problem of edentulism. On the other hand, these methods are very durable and can eliminate the problem of missing a tooth for more than 30 years.
If a person has lost a tooth or has a broken or damaged tooth, Implant supported restorations can be considered suitable methods for using a replacement tooth. In the process of using implanted teeth, in the first step, the person must be examined and after the extraction of the damaged tooth, the necessary measures for the installation and placement of the implant must be taken.
Since it is necessary to connect the Implant base to the jawbone in the process, it may be necessary to repair the jawbone and even use bone grafting methods before performing any future processes. However, bone grafting methods are only done in certain circumstances and there is no need to do it for all patients.
After performing the process of planting the implant base, It takes time for the bones and gingiva to restore. During this time, the jawbone should be able to accommodate the implant base and keep it firmly in its place. This allows the implant base to be placed on the jaw for a long time without common challenges, and there is no need to worry about falling or losing the restored tooth again.
The final stage of Implant supported restorations method is placing the crown on the implant base. After the jawbone keeps the base of the implant completely in place, the crown of the implant will be placed on it, so that it can be used in the best possible way for a long time.
On the other hand, immediate methods for Implant supported restorations are the fastest treatment, which the patient can quickly get the desired result and replace the lost tooth. In this method, titanium bases are placed in the jawbone and after fixing these bases, a dental crown is placed on it. The immediate dental implant has a very short recovery period compared to traditional methods. In this method, a temporary crown may also be placed on the base at the request of the patient or the dentist’s discretion, so that after a certain period of time, the permanent crown is ready for installation.
The non-submerged dental implant is also known as a one-step method to replace a missing tooth. In some cases, after tooth extraction, the gingiva may not have enough overlap and the dentist has to use a non-submerged dental implant. In this method, the dental implant is placed in the jawbone, and the temporary extra-maxillary part of the dental implant is outside the gingiva, and the gingiva is sutured around the dental implant in the very first stage of the surgery.
In the Non-submerged dental implant method, there is no need for second-stage surgery and removal of the soft tissue of the gingiva. Therefore, after 2 months for dental implants in the lower jaw and 3 months for dental implants implanted in the upper jaw, moulding begins to make the main cover. This method is usually applicable to most patients.
The submerged dental implant is another method of implant supported restorations. The advantage of this method is the inaccessibility of the dental implant in the intraoral space, which leads to the implant not being exposed to environmental pollution.
Dental implants are placed in the jawbone after 30 days and the gingiva is stitched on it. Therefore, after the surgery, the dental implant inside the mouth will not be visible. In this case, the implants are under the gingiva so that they are not under any pressure.
After about 2 months of dental implants in the lower jaw and 3 months of dental implants implanted in the upper jaw, the gingiva will be moved away from the dental implant site again. By placing a temporary piece of the dental implant, which is like a screw, the head of the dental implant is removed from the gingiva which can be seen by the naked eye.
One to two weeks are required for the recovery and restoration of the gingiva away from the implant piece that has been removed.
In the next step, moulding is done to make the cover connected to the dental implant. To maintain the patient’s aesthetic appearance, usually, a temporary removable dental prosthesis is provided, which must be removed from the mouth at night. In this method, more beauty is provided and the final prosthesis will be placed under the gums.
Immediate Loading Dental Implant is another advanced method during which the crown is also made and placed on the dental implant at the same time as the dental implant is placed surgically.
This method is mostly used for the front teeth so that the patient is not toothless during the 2-3 months of the restoration period. Of course, the important thing to say is that this crown is temporary and the original tooth will be delivered to the patient in the next stages. The advantage of this method is that in one session, the tooth or root extraction surgery is performed and, if necessary, the bone of the area is repaired.
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